The '''National Aeronautics and Space Administration''' ('''NASA''' ) is an Independent agency of the United States government|independent agency
of the Federal government of the United States|executive branch
of the Federal government of the United States|United States federal government
responsible for the civilian list of space agencies|space program
as well as aeronautics
President of the United States|President Dwight D. Eisenhower
established NASA in 1958
with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science
. The National Aeronautics and Space Act
was passed on July 29, 1958, disestablishing NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
(NACA). The new agency became operational on October 1, 1958.
Since that time, most...